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Starting a Farm

Updated: Jan 25



Starting a Farm


Singapore, despite its urban landscape, has a thriving agricultural scene! If you're interested in starting a farm there, here's a general roadmap to get you going:


1. Business Structure:


  • Sole Proprietorship: Simple to set up but offers no personal liability protection.

  • Partnership: Good for collaboration but requires shared legal responsibility.

  • Limited Liability Company (LLC): Most popular choice for farm companies. Offers legal separation from your personal assets and flexibility in ownership structure.


2. Company Registration:


  • Register your chosen business structure with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA).

  • Obtain a Unique Entity Number (UEN) and open a corporate bank account.


3. Choose your Farm Type:


  • Land-based farming: This involves traditional farming methods on open land. While land availability is limited in Singapore, the government leases agricultural plots through open tenders. You'll need to submit a proposal outlining your concept and production capabilities.

  • Urban farming: This utilizes spaces like rooftops, balconies, and even carparks for growing crops. Vertical farming, hydroponics, and aeroponics are popular methods that maximize space and resource efficiency.

  • Aquaculture: Fish farming in tanks or ponds is another viable option, especially for high-value seafood.


4. Develop a Business Plan:


  • Define your target market and crops you'll cultivate.

  • Research production costs, marketing strategies, and potential funding sources.

  • Factor in government regulations and licensing requirements.


5. Farm Licences and Permits:


  • The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) regulates all farming activities. You'll need a Farm Licence and may require additional permits depending on your chosen farm type and location.

  • Apply for a Farm Licence from the Singapore Food Agency (SFA) for commercial crop cultivation or animal rearing.

  • Additional permits may be required depending on your specific farm type (e.g., aquaculture, animal welfare).


6. Land Use and Premises:


  • Secure land through open tenders for land-based farming or lease commercial spaces for urban farming.

  • Obtain approval from relevant authorities like the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and National Parks Board (NParks) for land use and building plans.


7. Source Equipment and Supplies:


  • Depending on your farm type, you might need land preparation tools, irrigation systems, fertilizers, seeds, or aquaculture equipment.


8. Build your Network and Seek Support:


  • Connect with experienced farmers, farming communities, and government agencies like SFA and NParks for guidance and support.


9. Taxation and Compliance:


  • Register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) if your annual turnover exceeds S$1 million.

  • Comply with SFA and other relevant regulations for food safety, environmental protection, and animal welfare.


10. Funding and Support:


  • Explore funding options like grants, loans, and venture capital specifically for agri-businesses in Singapore.

  • Seek support from organizations like the Singapore Agro-Food Enterprises Federation (SAFEF) and SFA for mentoring, training programs, and networking opportunities.


Additional resources:



Starting a farm requires dedication, hard work, and adaptability. By carefully planning, researching, and utilizing available resources, you can turn your agricultural dream into a reality in Singapore!


Seek Professional Help from Bestar


Starting a farm company in Singapore can involve intricate legal and financial considerations. Seeking professional help from Bestar can be a wise decision for navigating these complexities and ensuring your venture gets off to a smooth start.


Here's how Bestar could potentially assist you:


1. Business Structure and Registration:


  • Advise on the most suitable business structure for your farm company, considering factors like liability protection, ownership goals, and tax implications.

  • Assist with the company registration process, ensuring all necessary documentation and applications are completed accurately and efficiently.


2. Licences and Permits:


  • Guide you through the process of obtaining the required farm business licence and any additional permits specific to your chosen farm type.

  • Liaise with relevant authorities like SFA, URA, and NParks to ensure compliance with regulations and land-use requirements.


3. Taxation and Compliance:


  • Help you register for GST if necessary and advise on tax implications of your farm operations.

  • Ensure your company complies with all relevant tax regulations and filing deadlines.


4. Financial Planning and Management:


  • Develop financial projections and budgets for your farm company, taking into account operational costs, revenue streams, and potential funding sources.

  • Provide ongoing financial advice and support, helping you track your progress, manage cash flow, and make informed financial decisions.


By leveraging Bestar's expertise and experience, you can gain valuable insights into the legal and financial aspects of starting your farm company, allowing you to focus on the operational and agricultural side of your venture with greater confidence and clarity.


Considering the complexities involved in setting up a farm company, seeking expert guidance can certainly give you a valuable head start and help you avoid potential pitfalls along the way.


Contact Bestar today!


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